PHYS 1401 Syllabus - College Physics I
Instructor of Record: John L. McClain, Ph.D.
Office Location: MBS 1153
Office Phone: 254.298.8406
Office Hours: posted on office door
Mailing Address: 2600 South First Street, Temple, Tx 76504
Email: john.mcclain@templejc.edu

Course Description:
Algebra-level physics sequence, with laboratories, that includes study of mechanics, heat, waves, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics. Recent developments and discoveries will be emphasized.
State Approval Code: 40.0801.53 03
Lab Hours per Week: 3
Lecture Hours per week: 3

Core Curriculum: State Criteria
Basic Intellectual Competencies: Those marked with a reflect the State-mandated competencies taught in this course.
Reading
Writing
Speaking
Listening
Critical Thinking
Computer Literacy
Perspectives: Those marked with a reflect the State-mandated perspectives taught in this course.
Establish broad and multiple perspectives on the individual in relationship to the larger society and world in which he/she lives, and to understand the responsibilities of living in a culturally and ethnically diversified world.
Stimulate a capacity to discuss and reflect upon individual, political, economic, and social aspects of life in order to understand ways in which to be a responsible member of society.
Recognize the importance of maintaining health and wellness.
Develop a capacity to use knowledge of how technology and science affect their lives.
Develop personal values for ethical behavior.
Use logical reasoning in problem solving.
Integrate knowledge and understand the interrelationships of the scholarly disciplines.
Natural Sciences Exemplary Objectives: The objective of the study of a natural sciences component of a core curriculum is to enable the student to understand, construct, and evaluate relationships in the natural sciences, and to enable the student to understand the bases for building and testing theories. Those marked with a reflect the State-mandated perspectives taught in this course.
1.To understand and apply method and appropriate technology to the study of natural sciences.
2.To recognize scientific and quantitative methods and the differences between these approaches and other methods of inquiry and to communicate findings, analysis, and interpretation both orally and in writing.
3.To identify and recognize the differences among competing scientific theories.
4.To demonstrate knowledge of the major issues and problems facing modern science, including issues that touch upon ethics, values and public policies.
5.To demonstrate knowledge of the interdependence of science and technology and their influence on, and contribution to, modern culture.

Course Objectives
Successful completion of this course will promote the general student learning outcomes listed below. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able:
1.To become acquainted with the basic fundamental physical laws and principles which govern and give meaning to our universe.
2.To develop an understanding of scientific methods and the evolution of scientific thought.
3.To explain physical phenomena in proper, clear, technical terms.
4.To correctly identify basic physical principles and specify the procedural knowledge to arrive at a solution for some desired unknown, when presented with problem situations.
5.To demonstrate mathematical skills necessary to carry an argument from the "givens" to the "to finds" alluded in (4) above.
6.To develop laboratory techniques of experimenting, measuring, data evaluation, presentation of results, and drawing inferences from these results.
Successful completion of this course will promote the specific student learning outcomes listed below. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able:
1.To be able to use both conceptual and numerical techniques to solve physics problems.
2.To understand and use the general ideas of kinematics.
3.To understand and use the general idea of forces.
4.To understand and use the general ideas of force and motion.
5.To understand and use the general ideas of impulse and momentum.
6.To understand and use the general ideas of work and energy.
7.To understand and use the general ideas of rotational motion.
8.To understand and use the general ideas of properties of matter, gravity and oscillatory motion.
9.To understand and use the general ideas of heat and thermodynamics.
10.To understand and use various sensors and measuring devices in the laboratory.
11.To be able to express verbally and/or orally ideas observed and/or measured in the laboratory.

Course Content
This course covers the following topics:
KINEMATICS
 •  Understand and use the relationship between displacement, velocity, and acceleration in solving problems.
 • Distinguish between average and instantaneous concepts.
 • Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant acceleration.
 • Distinguish between vector and scalar quantities.
 • Understand and be able to apply the basic properties of vectors, including addition of vectors, components of vectors, and unit vectors.
 • Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant acceleration in two (or more) directions.
 • Recognize and understand the difference between translational and curvilinear motion.
FORCES AND MOTION
 •  Write, in one's own words, a description of Newton's laws of motion and give physical examples of each law.
 • Discuss the concept of a force and the effect of an unbalanced force on the motion of a body.
 • Discuss the concepts of mass and inertia and understand the difference between mass (a scalar) and weight (a vector).
 • Be able to apply Newton's laws of motion to various mechanical systems using a systematic approach for both one-body problems and two-or more-body problems.
 • Realize that the laws of static and kinetic friction are empirical in nature that is, based on observations), and recognize that the maximum force of friction and the force of kinetic friction are both proportional to the normal force on a body.
 • Distinguish the two different equilibriums, static and dynamic.
 • Solve problems involving one or more bodies in one or more dimensions.
IMPULSE, MOMENTUM, WORK AND ENERGY
 •  Understand the concept of linear momentum of a particle and the relation between the resultant force on a particle and the time rate of change of its momentum.
 • Recognize that the impulse of a force acting on a particle over some time interval equals the change in momentum of the particle.
 • Understand and apply the Conservation of Linear Momentum.
 • Describe and distinguish the two types of collisions that can occur between two particles, elastic and inelastic.
 • Recognize that work is a scalar and that work done by a force can be positive, negative, or zero.
 • Take the scalar or dot product of any two vectors and recognize that work is a scalar product.
 • Describe the work done by a force which varies with position.
 • Relate the work done by the net force to the change in either the kinetic energy and/or the potential energy.
 • Understand the Conservation of Energy and be able to solve problems using the Conservation of Energy.
 • Understand the distinction between kinetic energy (energy associated with motion), potential energy (energy associated with position), and the total mechanical energy of a system.
 • Distinguish between average power and instantaneous power.
ROTATIONAL MOTION
 •  Understand the relationships between the linear and angular quantities of displacement, speed, and acceleration.
 • Understand the nature of the acceleration of a particle moving in a circle with constant speed.
 • Describe the differences between centripetal and centrifugal forces.
 • Be able to write the definition of torque and understand its three-dimensionality.
 • Be able to state, explain and give examples of the conservation of angular momentum.
 • Be able to solve problems in rotational motion involving centripetal force, angular momentum, torque, and energy.
 • Analyze problems of rigid bodies in static equilibrium.
PROPERTIES OF MATTER, GRAVITY, AND OSCILLATORY MOTION
 •  Understand the relationship between stress and strain for the elastic, shear, and bulk modulus.
 • Describe the general characteristics of simple harmonic motion and be able to relate SHM to circular motion.
 • Understand the relationship between force, acceleration, velocity, position, period, and energy of a mass-spring system, and a simple pendulum system.
 • Be able to work a variety of problems involving springs and/or pendulums.
 • Define the density of a substance and understand the concept of pressure of a point in a fluid, and the variation of pressure with depth.
 • Understand the origin of buoyant forces, state and explain Archimedes' principle, and be able to work problems involving buoyant forces.
 • Understand Pascal's principle and the idea of flotation.
 • State the simplifying assumptions of an ideal fluid moving with streamline flow.
 • Derive the equation of continuity and Bernoulli's equation for an ideal fluid in motion, and understand the physical significance of each equation.
 • Present a qualitative discussion of some application of Bernoulli's equation, such as air lift and available energy from winds.
 • Be familiar with the gravitational force and be able to do calculations with this force.
 • Understand the meaning of Kepler's three laws of planetary motion.
 • Understand the concept of the gravitational field and the gravitational potential.
 • Be able to calculate the orbital velocity of a satellite and to calculate the escape velocity of an object.
HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS
 •  Understand the concepts of the thermal equilibrium and thermal contact between two bodies, and state the zeroth law of thermodynamics.
 • Understand thermal expansion of solids and liquids and learn how to deal with the coefficients of expansion in practical situations involving expansion or contraction.
 • Understand the concepts of heat, internal energy, and thermodynamic processes.
 • Provide a qualitative description of different types of phase changes which a substance may undergo, and the changes in energy which accompany such processes.
 • Discuss the possible mechanisms which can give rise to heat transfer between a system and its surroundings: that is, head conduction, convention and radiation.
 • Determine the relationship between variables in an equation of state for an ideal gas.
 • Be able to solve the general gas law and to use phase diagrams (PV, PT, VT) for describing changes in state.
 • Recognize that the temperature of an ideal gas is proportional to the average molecular kinetic energy.
 • State the theorem of equipartition of energy, noting that each degree of freedom of a molecule contributes an equal amount of energy, of magnitude NkT.
 • Understand the basic principle of the operation of a heat engine, and be able to define and discuss the thermal efficiency of a heat engine.
 • State the second law of thermodynamics.
 • State the first law of thermodynamics and explain the meaning of the three forms of energy contained in the statement.
 • Discuss the concept of entropy, and give a thermodynamic definition of energy.
LABORATORY
 •  Be able to use a computer to acquire data, display data, and to do data analysis.
 • Use a variety of sensors and measuring instruments to measure physical quantities.
 • Make measurements in kinematics, force, momentum-impulse, two-dimensional motion, work-energy, rotational motion, and others.
 • Write laboratory summaries and/or reports based on measurements, observations, calculations, and/or analysis.

Methods of Instruction and Course Format
The delivery of material for this course may be accomplished by but is not limited to the following methodologies:
 •  Collaboration
 • Current events
 • Demonstrations
 • Discussion
 • Field trips
 • Internet
 • Lecture
 • Outside and inside lab activities
 • Readings
 • Television
 • Tutorials
 • Video

Measured Learning Outcomes
The following is a list of the learning outcomes that are measured via MasteringPhysics assignments.
 •  Calculate the velocity or acceleration by differentiating position given as a function of time.
 • Convert a quantity from one unit of measure to another.
 • Calculate the change in a quantity using the final value minus the initial value.
 • Determine the correct number of significant figures in a problem.
 • Determine the units of a final result by multiplying and dividing units as if they were variables (correctly perform "unit algebra").
 • Express a vector in terms of its magnitude and a unit vector that points in the direction of the vector.
 • Global: Demonstrate the ability to think critically and employ critical thinking skills.
 • Global: Demonstrate the quantitative skills needed to succeed in Introductory Physics.
 • Global: Read and interpret graphs and data.
 • Relate an object's average velocity to its displacement and the associated time interval.
 • Specify whether given physical quantities are scalars or vectors.
 • Use graphs of motion to compare the motion of two (or more) objects.
 • Distinguish between an object's net, initial-to-final displacement and the total length of the path it traveled.
 • Perform calculations using estimates of order of magnitude.
 • Relate a verbal statement of a problem to a mathematical statement of a problem.
 • Relate the components of a vector to the magnitude and direction of the vector.
 • Compare the range, maximum height, and elevation angle between two given projectile trajectories or vice versa.
 • Determine the sum or difference of two (or more) vectors by adding (or subtracting) like components.
 • Graphically, combine vectors (drawn as arrows) to correctly demonstrate the head-to-tail rule for vector addition and subtraction.
 • Reduce a two-dimensional problem into two coupled one-dimensional problems by resolving the components of velocity and acceleration into components along two perpendicular axes.
 • Relate the area under a velocity versus time graph to the total distance traveled by the object
 • Correctly interpret Newton's second law as a statement of cause (on the right side of the equal sign) and effect (on the left side).
 • Relate verbal description of all the forces exerted on an object to the corresponding free-body diagram.
 • Global: Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of scientific inquiry.
 • Relate a motion diagram to a verbal description of the motion.
 • Recognize that contact forces at the surface of objects are associated with normal forces that exert a push.
 • Relate Newton's second law to a free-body diagram.
 • Relate the net (total) force exerted on each object to the sum of individual forces.
 • Select a coordinate system appropriate to a problem's visual description. For instance, choose axes that are parallel to the forces that can push or pull the object under study, or choose axes so that one (or more) axis is parallel to any motion.
 • Solve Newton's second law equations for quantities of interest.
 • Identify Newton's third law (action/reaction) pairs of forces, and use these forces to specify the net force on an object.
 • Relate a frictional force to the (perpendicular) normal force.
 • Relate direction of force of friction to relative motion of two surfaces.
 • Determine from a problem statement which of these quantities is/are missing: initial angular position, angle rotated through, initial angular speed, final angular speed, time interval, and angular acceleration.
 • For an object in uniform circular motion, relate its tangential speed and radius to its angular speed and/or its period or frequency of revolution.
 • Match elements of the problem's verbal and visual description to the laws and relationships of an applicable physical theory or model.
 • Relate a visual description of a problem (a simplified diagram or graph) to a verbal description of the problem.
 • Relate the velocity and/or acceleration vectors to the motion of an object moving in a circle.
 • Use radians to solve a problem.
 • Use the rotational kinematic equations to solve for an unknown quantity.
 • Distinguish between an object's mass and weight and the equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass.
 • Perform calculations relating the forces and torques on an extended object in static equilibrium.
 • Use Hooke's law to relate the force exerted by a stretched spring to the displacement from equilibrium and the spring constant.
 • Use Newton's law of gravitation to solve a problem.
 • From the applicable physical theory, select equations that relate the relevant physical quantities to unknown quantities.
 • Relate the stress (force per unit area) to the strain (fractional change in length, volume, or shape) of an object.
 • Use a diagram to indicate the forces, lever arms, and torques exerted on an object.
 • Relate the impulse delivered to an object to the average applied force and duration of the force.
 • Relate the momentum of an object to the velocity vector and mass.
 • Relate the work done by a constant force to the magnitude and direction of the force, as well as the displacement of the object
 • Describe collisions or explosions as if observed from the objects' center of mass. Recognize that only forces external to the system of colliding or exploding objects will change the momentum of the system's center of mass.
 • Relate rotational kinetic energy to the object's moment of inertia and its angular speed.
 • Describe kinetic and potential energy as a pair of bar charts that rise and fall in a see-saw manner as the object moves. Recognize that the two bars add to give a constant amount of total energy when only conservative forces act on the object.
 • Recognize the vector nature of momentum.
 • Use conservation of energy to solve a problem.
 • Use conservation of momentum to solve a problem.
 • Identify and contrast reversible and irreversible processes.
 • Relate the thermal efficiency of a heat engine to the work output and heat exhausted or to the temperatures of the hot and cold reservoir.
 • Convert between the number of moles of gas and the mass of the gas.
 • Relate the hydrostatic pressure at a point in the fluid to the depth of that point and the density of the fluid.
 • Relate the buoyant force to the volume of fluid displaced and the density of the fluid.
 • Relate the speed of a fluid's flow through a pipe to the diameter of the pipe and/or volume of fluid flowing through the pipe.
 • Demonstrate that a sinusoidal function of time solves the equation obtained by applying Newton's second law to an object connected to a spring.
 • Relate the frequency, period, and/or amplitude of an object undergoing simple harmonic oscillations to the properties of the spring or pendulum to which it is connected.
 • Relate the velocity, wavelength, frequency, phase difference, and/or wave number of a wave.
 • Calculate the properties of a standing wave on a string.
 • Relate the frequency and wavelength to the speed of an electromagnetic wave.
 • Relate the speed on an object undergoing simple harmonic oscillation to the position and velocity of the object.
 • Relate the frequency to the speed of sound and the length of a pipe in different pipe configurations, such as open-open, open-closed, and closed-closed.
 • Relate the fundamental frequency to the harmonics of a standing wave.
 • Relate the sound intensity level in decibels to the intensity of the wave.
 • Use the conditions for constructive or destructive interference to relate the frequencies and locations of the wave sources to the location of nodes and antinodes.
 • Relate the beat frequency of two interacting waves to the frequencies of the individual waves.

Assessment
Both in-class and out-of -class activities that may be used to evaluate student learning and abilities may unitize but are not limited to the following:
 •  Attendance
 • Book and article reviews reviews
 • Class preparedness and participation
 • Collaborative learning projects
 • Exams/tests/quizzes
 • Homework
 • Internet-based assignments
 • Journals
 • Library assignments
 • Readings
 • Research papers
 • Scientific observations
 • Student-teacher conferences
 • Written assignments

Course Grade
Final grades are determined from:
Labwork 10% to 25%
Homework/Quizzes 20% to 40%
Unit/Chapter Exams 20% to 50%
Other 0% to 20%
Final Exam 15% to 30%
Final letter grades are determined from overall averages according to the following scheme:
A if 90% ≤ final average
B if 80% ≤ final average < 90%
C if 70% ≤ final average < 80%
D if 60% ≤ final average < 70%
F if final average < 60%

Disclaimers
Students should keep the following points in mind during the semester.
The contents of this syllabus may change to improve the class or clarify various policies. Such changes shall be announced in class.
Specific dates for assignments and assessments will be announced in class. It is the student's responsibility to obtain such information in the event of an absence.
The student may require access to a reliable high speed internet connection for completion of certain assignments.
Information provided in the First Day Handout may superseed the information in this Syllabus.