PHYS 2425 Syllabus - University Physics I
Instructor of Record: John L. McClain, Ph.D.
Office Location: MBS 1153
Office Phone: 254.298.8406
Office Hours: posted on office door
Mailing Address: 2600 South First Street, Temple, Tx 76504
Email: john.mcclain@templejc.edu

Course Description:
Calculus-level physics sequence, with laboratories, that includes study of mechanics, heat, waves, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics. Recent developments and discoveries will be emphasized.
State Approval Code: 40.0801.53 03
Lab Hours per Week: 3
Lecture Hours per week: 3

Core Curriculum: State Criteria
Basic Intellectual Competencies: Those marked with a reflect the State-mandated competencies taught in this course.
Reading
Writing
Speaking
Listening
Critical Thinking
Computer Literacy
Perspectives: Those marked with a reflect the State-mandated perspectives taught in this course.
Establish broad and multiple perspectives on the individual in relationship to the larger society and world in which he/she lives, and to understand the responsibilities of living in a culturally and ethnically diversified world.
Stimulate a capacity to discuss and reflect upon individual, political, economic, and social aspects of life in order to understand ways in which to be a responsible member of society.
Recognize the importance of maintaining health and wellness.
Develop a capacity to use knowledge of how technology and science affect their lives.
Develop personal values for ethical behavior.
Use logical reasoning in problem solving.
Integrate knowledge and understand the interrelationships of the scholarly disciplines.
Natural Sciences Exemplary Objectives: The objective of the study of a natural sciences component of a core curriculum is to enable the student to understand, construct, and evaluate relationships in the natural sciences, and to enable the student to understand the bases for building and testing theories. Those marked with a reflect the State-mandated perspectives taught in this course.
1.To understand and apply method and appropriate technology to the study of natural sciences.
2.To recognize scientific and quantitative methods and the differences between these approaches and other methods of inquiry and to communicate findings, analysis, and interpretation both orally and in writing.
3.To identify and recognize the differences among competing scientific theories.
4.To demonstrate knowledge of the major issues and problems facing modern science, including issues that touch upon ethics, values and public policies.
5.To demonstrate knowledge of the interdependence of science and technology and their influence on, and contribution to, modern culture.

Course Objectives
Successful completion of this course will promote the general student learning outcomes listed below. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able:
1.To become acquainted with the basic fundamental physical laws and principles which govern and give meaning to our universe.
2.To develop an understanding of scientific methods and the evolution of scientific thought.
3.To explain physical phenomena in proper, clear, technical terms.
4.To correctly identify basic physical principles and specify the procedural knowledge to arrive at a solution for some desired unknown, when presented with problem situations.
5.To demonstrate mathematical skills necessary to carry an argument from the "givens" to the "to finds" alluded in (4) above.
6.To develop laboratory techniques of experimenting, measuring, data evaluation, presentation of results, and drawing inferences from these results.
Successful completion of this course will promote the specific student learning outcomes listed below. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able:
1.To be able to use both conceptual and numerical techniques to solve physics problems.
2.To understand and use the general ideas of kinematics.
3.To understand and use the general idea of forces.
4.To understand and use the general ideas of force and motion.
5.To understand and use the general ideas of impulse and momentum.
6.To understand and use the general ideas of work and energy.
7.To understand and use the general ideas of rotational motion.
8.To understand and use the general ideas of properties of matter, gravity and oscillatory motion.
9.To understand and use the general ideas of heat and thermodynamics.
10.To understand and use various sensors and measuring devices in the laboratory.
11.To be able to express verbally and/or orally ideas observed and/or measured in the laboratory.

Course Content
This course covers the following topics:
KINEMATICS
 •  Understand and use the relationship between displacement, velocity, and acceleration in solving problems.
 • Distinguish between average and instantaneous concepts.
 • Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant acceleration.
 • Distinguish between vector and scalar quantities.
 • Understand and be able to apply the basic properties of vectors, including addition of vectors, components of vectors, and unit vectors.
 • Recognize and apply the equations of kinematics when motion occurs under constant acceleration in two (or more) directions.
 • Recognize and understand the difference between translational and curvilinear motion.
FORCES AND MOTION
 •  Write, in one's own words, a description of Newton's laws of motion and give physical examples of each law.
 • Discuss the concept of a force and the effect of an unbalanced force on the motion of a body.
 • Discuss the concepts of mass and inertia and understand the difference between mass (a scalar) and weight (a vector).
 • Be able to apply Newton's laws of motion to various mechanical systems using a systematic approach for both one-body problems and two-or more-body problems.
 • Realize that the laws of static and kinetic friction are empirical in nature that is, based on observations), and recognize that the maximum force of friction and the force of kinetic friction are both proportional to the normal force on a body.
 • Distinguish the two different equilibriums, static and dynamic.
 • Solve problems involving one or more bodies in one or more dimensions.
IMPULSE, MOMENTUM, WORK AND ENERGY
 •  Understand the concept of linear momentum of a particle and the relation between the resultant force on a particle and the time rate of change of its momentum.
 • Recognize that the impulse of a force acting on a particle over some time interval equals the change in momentum of the particle.
 • Understand and apply the Conservation of Linear Momentum.
 • Describe and distinguish the two types of collisions that can occur between two particles, elastic and inelastic.
 • Recognize that work is a scalar and that work done by a force can be positive, negative, or zero.
 • Take the scalar or dot product of any two vectors and recognize that work is a scalar product.
 • Describe the work done by a force which varies with position.
 • Relate the work done by the net force to the change in either the kinetic energy and/or the potential energy.
 • Understand the Conservation of Energy and be able to solve problems using the Conservation of Energy.
 • Understand the distinction between kinetic energy (energy associated with motion), potential energy (energy associated with position), and the total mechanical energy of a system.
 • Distinguish between average power and instantaneous power.
ROTATIONAL MOTION
 •  Understand the relationships between the linear and angular quantities of displacement, speed, and acceleration.
 • Understand the nature of the acceleration of a particle moving in a circle with constant speed.
 • Describe the differences between centripetal and centrifugal forces.
 • Be able to write the definition of torque and understand its three-dimensionality.
 • Be able to state, explain and give examples of the conservation of angular momentum.
 • Be able to solve problems in rotational motion involving centripetal force, angular momentum, torque, and energy.
 • Analyze problems of rigid bodies in static equilibrium.
PROPERTIES OF MATTER, GRAVITY, AND OSCILLATORY MOTION
 •  Understand the relationship between stress and strain for the elastic, shear, and bulk modulus.
 • Describe the general characteristics of simple harmonic motion and be able to relate SHM to circular motion.
 • Understand the relationship between force, acceleration, velocity, position, period, and energy of a mass-spring system, and a simple pendulum system.
 • Be able to work a variety of problems involving springs and/or pendulums.
 • Define the density of a substance and understand the concept of pressure of a point in a fluid, and the variation of pressure with depth.
 • Understand the origin of buoyant forces, state and explain Archimedes' principle, and be able to work problems involving buoyant forces.
 • Understand Pascal's principle and the idea of flotation.
 • State the simplifying assumptions of an ideal fluid moving with streamline flow.
 • Derive the equation of continuity and Bernoulli's equation for an ideal fluid in motion, and understand the physical significance of each equation.
 • Present a qualitative discussion of some application of Bernoulli's equation, such as air lift and available energy from winds.
 • Be familiar with the gravitational force and be able to do calculations with this force.
 • Understand the meaning of Kepler's three laws of planetary motion.
 • Understand the concept of the gravitational field and the gravitational potential.
 • Be able to calculate the orbital velocity of a satellite and to calculate the escape velocity of an object.
HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS
 •  Understand the concepts of the thermal equilibrium and thermal contact between two bodies, and state the zeroth law of thermodynamics.
 • Understand thermal expansion of solids and liquids and learn how to deal with the coefficients of expansion in practical situations involving expansion or contraction.
 • Understand the concepts of heat, internal energy, and thermodynamic processes.
 • Provide a qualitative description of different types of phase changes which a substance may undergo, and the changes in energy which accompany such processes.
 • Discuss the possible mechanisms which can give rise to heat transfer between a system and its surroundings: that is, head conduction, convention and radiation.
 • Determine the relationship between variables in an equation of state for an ideal gas.
 • Be able to solve the general gas law and to use phase diagrams (PV, PT, VT) for describing changes in state.
 • Recognize that the temperature of an ideal gas is proportional to the average molecular kinetic energy.
 • State the theorem of equipartition of energy, noting that each degree of freedom of a molecule contributes an equal amount of energy, of magnitude NkT.
 • Understand the basic principle of the operation of a heat engine, and be able to define and discuss the thermal efficiency of a heat engine.
 • State the second law of thermodynamics.
 • State the first law of thermodynamics and explain the meaning of the three forms of energy contained in the statement.
 • Discuss the concept of entropy, and give a thermodynamic definition of energy.
LABORATORY
 •  Be able to use a computer to acquire data, display data, and to do data analysis.
 • Use a variety of sensors and measuring instruments to measure physical quantities.
 • Make measurements in kinematics, force, momentum-impulse, two-dimensional motion, work-energy, rotational motion, and others.
 • Write laboratory summaries and/or reports based on measurements, observations, calculations, and/or analysis.

Methods of Instruction and Course Format
The delivery of material for this course may be accomplished by but is not limited to the following methodologies:
 •  Collaboration
 • Current events
 • Demonstrations
 • Discussion
 • Field trips
 • Internet
 • Lecture
 • Outside and inside lab activities
 • Readings
 • Television
 • Tutorials
 • Video

Measured Learning Outcomes
The following is a list of the learning outcomes that are measured via MasteringPhysics assignments.
 •   Apply conservation of energy to the flow of a fluid in a pipe to develop Bernoulli's equation.
 • Apply the equipartition theorem to a gas problem.
 • Apply the ideal gas equation to an ideal gas problem.
 • Associate ropes and strings with tension forces that exert a pull.
 • Calculate an object's linear or angular speed as it rolls without slipping down an inclined plane or a curved track.
 • Calculate the average power of a wave on a string.
 • Calculate the center of mass of a collection of individual, point-like objects where each object may have a different mass and position.
 • Calculate the center of mass of an extended object with a constant linear, area, or volume density.
 • Calculate the change in a quantity using the final value minus the initial value.
 • Calculate the change in a spacecraft's kinetic energy as it falls toward or moves away from a celestial object of known mass.
 • Calculate the fractional change in an object's length, volume, or shape when it is subjected to a given tensile, bulk, or shear stress.
 • Calculate the magnitude of the vector (cross) product using the definition of the cross product.
 • Calculate the properties of a standing wave on a string.
 • Calculate the scalar (dot) product of two vectors using its definition and the component method.
 • Calculate the velocity of an object in different reference frames.
 • Calculate the velocity or acceleration by differentiating position given as a function of time.
 • Categorize the sum of all radial forces and radial components of forces acting on an object in circular motion as the centripetal force.
 • Choose (or write or match) the equations of rotational kinematics in exact analogy to the equations of one-dimensional accelerated motion.
 • Choose the correct system boundary in a diagram containing objects that collide or interact via forces.
 • Cite examples or describe situations in which a force (acting on a group of objects) originates from outside the system boundary. Recognize when forces acting between objects are internal to the system.
 • Compare the behavior of a traveling wave reflected at a fixed end and at an open end.
 • Compare the range, maximum height, and elevation angle between two given projectile trajectories or vice versa.
 • Convert a quantity from one unit of measure to another.
 • Convert between the number of moles of gas and the mass of the gas.
 • Convert temperatures between Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin.
 • Correctly interpret Newton's second law as a statement of cause (on the right side of the equal sign) and effect (on the left side).
 • Correctly use either velocity (a vector) or speed (a scalar) depending on the circumstances of the problem.
 • Deduce a graph of force versus distance from the corresponding graph of potential energy versus distance.
 • Demonstrate that a sinusoidal function of time solves the equation obtained by applying Newton's second law to an object connected to a spring.
 • Derive the expression for kinetic energy from Newton's second law.
 • Describe an object's displacement vector verbally, graphically, in terms of compass headings, or in terms of components and unit vectors.
 • Describe collisions or explosions as if observed from the objects' center of mass. Recognize that only forces external to the system of colliding or exploding objects will change the momentum of the system's center of mass.
 • Describe Newton's second law for rotation in terms of the rate of change of an object's angular momentum.
 • Describe situations in which the velocity of an object is a nonzero constant when no net force acts on the object.
 • Describe the damage to an object when it is subject to sufficient stress to reach or exceed its proportional limit, yield point, or fracture point.
 • Determine the correct number of significant figures in a problem.
 • Determine the direction of the vector (cross) product using the right-hand rule.
 • Determine the equation for gravitational potential energy by integrating the work done by gravity on a test particle as it moves in a gravitational field.
 • Determine the sum or difference of two (or more) vectors by adding (or subtracting) like components.
 • Determine the units of a final result by multiplying and dividing units as if they were variables (correctly perform "unit algebra").
 • Determine the work done by a nonconservative or external force on a system.
 • Determine whether momentum is or is not conserved when the system boundary includes objects that ordinarily move. Explain why momentum is always conserved if the system includes everything in the universe.
 • Determine whether or not momentum and/or kinetic energy are conserved during a collision or explosion.
 • Develop an equation for the escape speed of an object on the surface of a planet or orbiting the planet.
 • Distinguish between an object's mass and weight and the equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass.
 • Distinguish between an object's net, initial-to-final displacement and the total length of the path it traveled.
 • Explain how conservation of energy is theoretically absolute. Even if we cannot measure the amount of energy transferred to the environment, all of the energy supplied to a process is transferred into other types of energy.
 • Explain the cause-and-effect relationship of Newton's second law as expressed in terms of momentum: A net force changes an object's momentum vector.
 • Express a vector in terms of its magnitude and a unit vector that points in the direction of the vector.
 • Express an object's total kinetic energy in separate terms for the translation of the center of mass and rotation about the center of mass.
 • For an object in uniform circular motion, relate its centripetal/radial acceleration to its speed and radius.
 • For an object in uniform circular motion, relate its tangential speed and radius to its angular speed and/or its period or frequency of revolution.
 • For nonuniform circular motion, relate an object's tangential acceleration to its angular acceleration.
 • Global: Demonstrate the ability to make connections between concepts across physics.
 • Global: Demonstrate the ability to think critically and employ critical thinking skills.
 • Global: Demonstrate the quantitative skills needed to succeed in Introductory Physics.
 • Global: Read and interpret graphs and data.
 • Graphically, combine vectors (drawn as arrows) to correctly demonstrate the head-to-tail rule for vector addition and subtraction.
 • Identify Newton's third law (action/reaction) pairs of forces, and use these forces to specify the net force on an object.
 • Identify pairs of forces that are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction using Newton's second law and not Newton's third law.
 • Identify the centrifugal force as the reaction of Newton's third law to the centripetal force.
 • Identify the units of pressure in the SI and customary system of units, and convert values for pressure from one system of units to the other.
 • Identify whether a collision is elastic or inelastic.
 • Interpret an object's linear, area, or volume density as an intrinsic property of that object and relate this value to the object's mass, length, area, or volume.
 • Locate the triple point and the different phases of a substance on a phase diagram.
 • Perform calculations relating the forces and torques on an extended object in static equilibrium.
 • Perform calculations using estimates of order of magnitude.
 • Predict sound frequencies or velocities of moving objects using the Doppler equations.
 • Predict the gravitational force exerted on a space traveler who is just outside or just inside a very large hollow (Dyson) sphere.
 • Predict the wave form due to the superposition of two overlapping waves.
 • Recognize that a change in the direction of a velocity vector is sufficient for an acceleration to exist.
 • Recognize that contact forces at the surface of objects are associated with normal forces that exert a push.
 • Recognize that if objects A and B are in thermal equilibrium with object C, objects A and B are in thermal equilibrium with each other (the zeroth law of thermodynamics).
 • Recognize that the mass flow rate of a fluid is a conserved quantity.
 • Recognize that the period of a pendulum is independent of the bob's mass, and that the period of a mass/spring system is independent of the amplitude of oscillation.
 • Recognize that the total work done by several forces acting on an object is equivalent to the work done by a single net force.
 • Recognize that unlike a pendulum, the period of a mass/spring system does depend on the mass of the object oscillating.
 • Recognize the vector nature of momentum.
 • Reduce a two-dimensional problem into two coupled one-dimensional problems by resolving the components of velocity and acceleration into components along two perpendicular axes.
 • Relate a frictional force to the (perpendicular) normal force.
 • Relate a graph of a wave to the amplitude, wavelength, frequency, and/or phase constant of the wave.
 • Relate a motion diagram to a verbal description of the motion.
 • Relate a potential energy function to its corresponding force function.
 • Relate a verbal statement of a problem to a mathematical statement of a problem.
 • Relate an object's angular momentum to its angular speed and rotational inertia.
 • Relate an object's angular momentum to its position and linear momentum.
 • Relate an object's average acceleration to its change in velocity and the associated time interval.
 • Relate an object's average velocity to its displacement and the associated time interval.
 • Relate centripetal/radial acceleration to a change in direction of an object's velocity vector.
 • Relate changes in internal energy of a system to the initial and final states of the system, independent of the path taken on a pV diagram.
 • Relate Newton's second law to a free-body diagram.
 • Relate position versus time, velocity versus time, and acceleration versus time graphs to one another.
 • Relate rotational kinetic energy to the object's moment of inertia and its angular speed.
 • Relate the amplitude, wavelength, and frequency of a wave to an equation of the form y(x,t) = Acos(Bx - Ct).
 • Relate the angular acceleration to the time rate of change of the angular speed.
 • Relate the angular velocity to the time rate of change of the angular position.
 • Relate the angular velocity vector to the direction of rotation using the right-hand rule.
 • Relate the area under a velocity versus time graph to the total distance traveled by the object
 • Relate the average power supplied or consumed in a process to the duration of the process and the energy supplied or consumed.
 • Relate the beat frequency of two interacting waves to the frequencies of the individual waves.
 • Relate the buoyant force to the volume of fluid displaced and the density of the fluid.
 • Relate the components of a force to the magnitude and direction of the force.
 • Relate the displacement of air molecules and the pressure of air in a sound wave.
 • Relate the frequency to the speed of sound and the length of a pipe in different pipe configurations, such as open-open, open-closed, and closed-closed.
 • Relate the frequency, period, and/or amplitude of an object undergoing simple harmonic oscillations to the properties of the spring or pendulum to which it is connected.
 • Relate the fundamental frequency to the harmonics of a standing wave.
 • Relate the hydrostatic pressure at a point in the fluid to the depth of that point and the density of the fluid.
 • Relate the impulse delivered to an object to the average applied force and duration of the force.
 • Relate the magnitude and direction of an applied force and lever arm to the resulting torque.
 • Relate the molecular velocities to the pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas.
 • Relate the moment of inertia of a collection of point masses to the masses and location of the masses.
 • Relate the moment of inertia of an object with a continuous mass distribution to the geometry of the object.
 • Relate the momentum of an object to the velocity vector and mass.
 • Relate the net (total) force exerted on each object to the sum of individual forces.
 • Relate the net impulse delivered to an object to the momentum change of the object.
 • Relate the net torque on an object to its angular acceleration and/or moment of inertia.
 • Relate the period of a planet's orbit to the length of the semi-major axis of its orbit.
 • Relate the physical dimensions of an object to the coefficients of expansion and the temperature changes during thermal expansion.
 • Relate the properties of a standing wave to two counterpropagating waves.
 • Relate the sign of work (positive or negative) to the direction of the force relative to the direction of motion.
 • Relate the sound intensity level in decibels to the intensity of the wave.
 • Relate the speed of a fluid's flow through a pipe to the diameter of the pipe and/or volume of fluid flowing through the pipe.
 • Relate the speed of sound in a gas to the properties of the gas.
 • Relate the speed of sound in a solid to the physical properties of the substance.
 • Relate the speed on an object undergoing simple harmonic oscillation to the position and velocity of the object.
 • Relate the speed or distance an object moves to the energy of a system using the work-energy theorem.
 • Relate the stability of an object to the location of the center of mass of the system relative to a pivot point.
 • Relate the stress (force per unit area) to the strain (fractional change in length, volume, or shape) of an object.
 • Relate the time-dependent behavior to the rms value of an oscillating quantity.
 • Relate the velocity of a wave on a string to the tension and mass per unit length of the string.
 • Relate the velocity, wavelength, frequency, phase difference, and/or wave number of a wave.
 • Relate the work done by a constant force to the magnitude and direction of the force, as well as the displacement of the object
 • Relate the work done by a torque acting on an extended object to an object's change in rotational kinetic energy.
 • Relate the work done by a variable force to the magnitude and direction of the force, as well as the displacement of the object
 • Relate verbal description of all the forces exerted on an object to the corresponding free-body diagram.
 • Rewrite the kinematic equations for one-dimensional projectile motion in two dimensions. Use them to solve for an unknown quantity.
 • Solve an equation for an unknown quantity.
 • Solve Newton's second law equations for quantities of interest.
 • Solve one (or more) of the kinematic equations for an unknown quantity for motion involving constant acceleration.
 • Solve one (or more) of the kinematic equations for an unknown quantity for motion involving constant velocity.
 • Specify whether given physical quantities are scalars or vectors.
 • State Kepler's second law in words and select the correct diagram to represent the idea of equal areas in equal times.
 • Use a diagram to indicate the forces, lever arms, and torques exerted on an object.
 • Use conservation of energy to solve a problem.
 • Use conservation of momentum and conservation of mechanical energy to solve an elastic collision problem.
 • Use conservation of momentum to solve a problem.
 • Use graphs of motion to compare the motion of two (or more) objects.
 • Use Hooke's law to relate the force exerted by a stretched spring to the displacement from equilibrium and the spring constant.
 • Use information from the periodic table to determine the number of nucleons or mass of an element.
 • Use motion diagrams to compare the motion of two (or more) objects.
 • Use Newton's law of gravitation to solve a problem.
 • Use radians to solve a problem.
 • Use the conditions for constructive or destructive interference to relate the frequencies and locations of the wave sources to the location of nodes and antinodes.
 • Use the gravitational potential energy equation to solve for an unknown quantity.
 • Use the kinetic energy equation to solve for an unknown value.
 • Use the rotational kinematic equations to solve for an unknown quantity.
 • Use the spring potential energy equation to solve for an unknown quantity.

Assessment
Both in-class and out-of -class activities that may be used to evaluate student learning and abilities may unitize but are not limited to the following:
 •  Attendance
 • Book and article reviews reviews
 • Class preparedness and participation
 • Collaborative learning projects
 • Exams/tests/quizzes
 • Homework
 • Internet-based assignments
 • Journals
 • Library assignments
 • Readings
 • Research papers
 • Scientific observations
 • Student-teacher conferences
 • Written assignments

Course Grade
Final grades are determined from:
Labwork 10% to 25%
Homework/Quizzes 20% to 40%
Unit/Chapter Exams 20% to 50%
Other 0% to 20%
Final Exam 15% to 30%
Final letter grades are determined from overall averages according to the following scheme:
A if 90% ≤ final average
B if 80% ≤ final average < 90%
C if 70% ≤ final average < 80%
D if 60% ≤ final average < 70%
F if final average < 60%

Disclaimers
Students should keep the following points in mind during the semester.
The contents of this syllabus may change to improve the class or clarify various policies. Such changes shall be announced in class.
Specific dates for assignments and assessments will be announced in class. It is the student's responsibility to obtain such information in the event of an absence.
The student may require access to a reliable high speed internet connection for completion of certain assignments.
Information provided in the First Day Handout may superseed the information in this Syllabus.