• | Apply Kirchhoff's junction rule and loop rule to write equations for a circuit. |
• | Apply Kirchhoff's loop rule to find potential difference within a circuit. |
• | Apply Rayleigh's criterion for resolvability to problems involving diffraction through a circular aperture. |
• | Apply the Doppler equation to an electromagnetic wave observed in different coordinate systems. |
• | Apply the equipartition theorem to a gas problem. |
• | Apply the Heisenberg uncertainty principle to an object. |
• | Apply the most useful Gaussian surface to a particular problem. |
• | Apply the right-hand-rule and the law of Biot-Savart to calculate the magnitude and direction of a magnetic field. |
• | Calculate the current and voltage in a circuit that contains an electric motor. |
• | Calculate the dipole moment of a current-carrying loop (or coil) using the proper derived and base SI units of magnetic dipole moment. |
• | Calculate the electric potential at a given point produced by two or more point charges or by arbitrary charge distributions, or calculate the potential difference between two points. |
• | Calculate the energy of bound nucleons. |
• | Calculate the energy released during fusion or fission. |
• | Calculate the magnitude and direction of the electric field produced by an electric dipole at different locations. |
• | Calculate the natural frequency of a capacitor + inductor circuit using derived and base SI units. |
• | Calculate the net magnetic field vector at a point. |
• | Calculate the number of electrons on an object, or the number of electrons gained or lost when the charge on an object changes. |
• | Calculate the polarizing angle and determine the plane of polarization of reflected polarized light. State for what situations and media the reflected light can be polarized. |
• | Calculate the potential energy of an electric dipole in an electric field. |
• | Calculate the pressure and total force a beam of light exerts on a surface if the beam is totally absorbed or totally reflected by a surface. |
• | Calculate the self-inductance of an object and the mutual inductance of two objects using the definition of inductance. |
• | Calculate the work done by an electric field on a charge that passes through a given potential difference. |
• | Compare results of classical mechanics and relativity. |
• | Compare the electric flux of a uniform electric field through various simple surfaces: a plane surface, a hemispherical surface, and a closed surface. |
• | Compare the resistances of resistors of the same resistivity but of different lengths and diameters. |
• | Compare the resistances of resistors of the same resistivity but of different lengths and diameters. |
• | Compare the separate reactances of an inductor and a capacitor to the total reactance an AC circuit. |
• | Convert a quantity from one unit of measure to another. |
• | Define angles of incidence and refraction, and relate Snell's law to them. |
• | Define electric dipole, and state the derived and base SI units of the electric dipole moment. |
• | Derive the expression for kinetic energy from Newton's second law. |
• | Describe and compare the different regions of the EM spectrum in terms of wavelength, frequency, and speed; state how they are used by technology. State the range of wavelengths in the visible light region. |
• | Describe and compare the equipotential surfaces produced by a point charge, a spherical distribution, or a spherical shell of charge. |
• | Describe how charge moves in a conductor under certain conditions. |
• | Describe how displacement current is used to calculate the expression for a magnetic field. |
• | Describe how Rutherford's experiment disproved Thomson's model of the atom and demonstrated the existence of a positively charged nucleus. |
• | Describe how the work done on a charge by a nonconservative force is related to the work done on a charge by an electric field. |
• | Describe how to calculate the displacement current density of a given electric field. |
• | Describe how to design both a voltmeter and an ammeter of a required sensitivity from a basic galvanometer. |
• | Describe the behavior of counter-emf in an electric circuit containing a motor. |
• | Describe the behavior of the principal rays of light that reflect off a spherical mirror or pass through a lens. Describe how the principal rays indicate whether the image is real or virtual, and upright or inverted. |
• | Describe the construction of a microscope or telescope, how the final image is formed, and how to calculate its magnification. |
• | Describe the different quarks and their properties. |
• | Describe the direction of electric field lines near a point charge. |
• | Describe the direction of the electric field at a given point in a region containing electric field lines. |
• | Describe the effect a change in voltage applied to a resistor has on the drift velocity of electrons in the resistor. |
• | Describe the electric and magnetic fields in an EM wave, and relate them to the direction of wave propagation and to its other physical properties. |
• | Describe the electric field lines produced by a charged parallel-plate capacitor and relate the field to the potentials of the plates. |
• | Describe the following relationships in a transformer: (a) between the primary and secondary voltage and (b) between the primary and secondary current. |
• | Describe the general time-dependent behavior of current and voltage in a resistor + inductor circuit when either current or the time constant changes |
• | Describe the general time-dependent behavior of current in a resistor + capacitor circuit when the capacitor is charging and when it is discharging. |
• | Describe the general time-dependent behavior of current, voltage, and/or energy in a capacitor + inductor circuit. |
• | Describe the key components of the Bohr model, including discrete stable electron orbits and the relationship of the principal quantum number, to properties of the energy levels. |
• | Describe the loop and the assumptions that are used with Ampere's law to determine the expression for the field produced by the current in a wire or current distribution. |
• | Describe the magnitude and direction of the electric field within, and outside, a spherical shell of charge. |
• | Describe the make-up of step-up and step-down transformers. |
• | Describe the pattern produced by diffraction through a circular aperture. |
• | Describe the pattern produced by double-slit interference. |
• | Describe the pattern produced by single-slit diffraction. |
• | Describe the properties of natural magnets, magnetic materials, and magnetic domains; also, describe the properties of a superconductor. |
• | Describe the properties of the different elementary particles. |
• | Describe the relationship between current, current density, concentration (or density) of charge carriers, charge per particle, and drift velocity. |
• | Describe the relationship between electric potential and electric potential energy. |
• | Describe the relationship between the direction of force on a given charge and the direction of the electric field that causes that force. |
• | Describe the relationship between the magnetic poles and the magnetic field lines produced by a permanent magnet. |
• | Describe the relationship between the Poynting vector, intensity, and radiation pressure. |
• | Describe the relationship between the terminal voltage of a nonideal battery in a circuit and (a) the open circuit voltage and (b) the current in the battery. |
• | Describe the relationship of wavefronts and rays for the case of a beam light consisting of parallel rays and for light emanating from a point source. |
• | Describe the results of Rayleigh scattering. |
• | Describe the shape of the regions in a uniform electric field where the potential energy of a charge is the same. |
• | Describe the time-dependent emf induced in an electric generator and the physical characteristics that determine the amplitude of the emf induced in an electric generator. |
• | Describe the X-ray diffraction pattern produced by Bragg scattering. |
• | Describe what changes when a dielectric is inserted between the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor that is (a) connected to a battery and (b) not connected to a battery but holds a charge initially. |
• | Determine at a given point the magnitude and direction of the net electric field produced by one or more charges, or a continuous distribution of charge. |
• | Determine that electric charge is conserved. |
• | Determine the direction of the vector (cross) product using the right-hand rule. |
• | Determine the directions of the individual fields that several charges, or a continuous distribution of charge, produce at a given point. |
• | Determine the effects on charges of a conducting rod caused by the rod moving though a magnetic field. |
• | Determine the energy levels or wave function of a quantum harmonic oscillator. |
• | Determine the focal length, or power, of a corrective lens for a human eye. |
• | Determine the magnitude and direction of the electric field in the space on either side and between two infinite parallel conductors that hold either equal or opposite charge densities. |
• | Discuss the general condition that determines when diffraction of a wave by an object of size D is or is not significant. |
• | Discuss the properties of charge and voltage for capacitors in series and in parallel. |
• | Discuss the properties of current and voltage for resistors in series and in parallel. |
• | Distinguish between the orientation of a wire loop in a magnetic field that has zero magnetic flux through it and one that has maximum magnetic flux through it. |
• | Distinguish resistors in series from resistors in parallel in a network of resistors. |
• | Explain how to reduce step-by-step a network of resistors or capacitors in series and parallel to simpler equivalent networks. |
• | Explain or describe the effects of electric induction. |
• | Explain the meaning of unpolarized and polarized light; state what field oscillates in the plane of polarization. |
• | Explain what determines the amount of power a battery supplies to a circuit. |
• | For an object in uniform circular motion, relate its centripetal/radial acceleration to its speed and radius. |
• | Given the electric potential at a point of an equipotential surface, calculate the electric potential energy of a different charge on the same equipotential surface. |
• | Global: Demonstrate the ability to think critically and employ critical thinking skills. |
• | Global: Demonstrate the quantitative skills needed to succeed in Introductory Physics. |
• | Global: Read and interpret graphs and data. |
• | Identify key concepts related to the photoelectric effect, such as the threshold frequency, stopping potential, and quantization of the photon. |
• | Identify qualitatively the relative locations of an object and its image formed by a single lens or mirror and whether the image is real or virtual, and upright or inverted. |
• | Identify the component of the magnetic field that exerts a force on (a) a moving charged particle and (b) a current-carrying wire in a magnetic field. |
• | Identify when magnetic flux through loop changes. Calculate the change in flux. |
• | Infer from a figure illustrating electric field lines the relative strength of the electric field at points in the figure. |
• | Perform calculations using estimates of order of magnitude. |
• | Predict sound frequencies or velocities of moving objects using the Doppler equations. |
• | Predict the gravitational force exerted on a space traveler who is just outside or just inside a very large hollow (Dyson) sphere. |
• | Relate a visual description of a problem (a simplified diagram or graph) to a verbal description of the problem. |
• | Relate heat transfers between objects to specific heats or heat capacities and temperature changes. |
• | Relate the angle of incidence to the angle of reflection. |
• | Relate the average power supplied or consumed in a process to the duration of the process and the energy supplied or consumed. |
• | Relate the beat frequency of two interacting waves to the frequencies of the individual waves. |
• | Relate the bending and reflecting of a beam of light to the indices of refraction of the first and second media. |
• | Relate the blackbody radiation to the temperature of the object. |
• | Relate the capacitance of a capacitor to the change in charge and change in voltage. |
• | Relate the capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor to the area and plate separation of the capacitor and the dielectric constant of the material between the plates. |
• | Relate the centripetal magnetic force acting on a charge to the motion of the charge traveling in a circle, as in a cyclotron. |
• | Relate the change in magnetic flux through a loop to (a) the magnitude of the EMF or (b) the current induced in the loop. |
• | Relate the critical angle for a pair of media to the indices of refraction. |
• | Relate the current, resistance, and voltage in a circuit containing a battery to one another. |
• | Relate the decay products of a radioactive decay process to the isotopes involved in the process. |
• | Relate the difference in electric potential between two points to the electric field. |
• | Relate the direction of emf induced in a loop by a changing magnetic flux to the direction of the induced magnetic fields and to the direction of the induced current. |
• | Relate the direction of flow of electrons to the direction of conventional current. |
• | Relate the displacement of air molecules and the pressure of air in a sound wave. |
• | Relate the double-slit interference pattern to changes in the spacing or size of the slits, distance from the slits to the screen, order or angle of the fringe, and/or the wavelength or frequency of light. |
• | Relate the electric and magnetic field amplitudes of an EM wave to its intensity and energy density. |
• | Relate the electric field between the plates of a parallel-plate capacitor to the potentials of the plates. |
• | Relate the emf induced in an inductor to the properties of the inductor and to the current in the circuit. |
• | Relate the emf of a battery to the direction of the conventional current in a battery. |
• | Relate the energy density of a magnetic field to the magnitude of the magnetic field. |
• | Relate the energy involved in a nuclear decay process to the products and isotopes involved in the process. |
• | Relate the energy or wavelength of photons absorbed or emitted during transitions between two atomic energy levels to the properties of the energy levels. |
• | Relate the energy stored in a capacitor to the charge, potential, and or capacitance of the capacitor. |
• | Relate the energy, momentum, and wavelength of a photon. |
• | Relate the equivalent capacitance to the individual capacitance of capacitors in series or in parallel. |
• | Relate the equivalent resistance to the individual resistances of resistors in series and in parallel. |
• | Relate the final speed of a charge to the potential difference the charge passed through. |
• | Relate the focal length of a mirror or lens to the physical characteristics of a mirror or lens. |
• | Relate the frequency and wavelength to the speed of an electromagnetic wave. |
• | Relate the half-life of a radioactive element to rate of decay of the element. |
• | Relate the impedance of an AC circuit containing a resistor, capacitor, and inductor to the properties of the components in the circuit. |
• | Relate the index of refraction of a medium to the behavior of light as it passes from one medium to another. |
• | Relate the index of refraction of a medium to the speed of light and to the frequency and wavelength of light in the medium. |
• | Relate the inteference pattern resulting from single-slit diffraction to the slit width, distance between the screen and slit, wavelength of light, order of the fringe, and/or angle of the fringe.. |
• | Relate the intensity of a wave to the distance from the source of a wave and/or the power of the wave. |
• | Relate the interference pattern resulting from a diffraction grating to the number of lines on the grating, spacing between the lines, order of the fringes, angle of the fringe, and/or wavelength of light |
• | Relate the magnetic flux through a given plane surface to the direction and magnitude of the magnetic field. |
• | Relate the magnitude and direction of an applied force and lever arm to the resulting torque. |
• | Relate the magnitude and direction of the force that one or more charges exert on a given charge to the location of and amount of charge on all charges. |
• | Relate the magnitude and direction of the magnetic force on (a) a moving charged particle or (b) a current-carrying wire in a magnetic field. |
• | Relate the magnitude and direction of torque on a current-carrying loop (or coil) to the current in the loop and the magnitude of the magnetic field. |
• | Relate the magnitudes of the electric and magnetic fields in an electromagnetic wave. |
• | Relate the momentum and wavelength of a particle using the de Broglie wavelength equation. |
• | Relate the net charge within a closed surface to the net flux through the surface. |
• | Relate the net torque on an object to its angular acceleration and/or moment of inertia. |
• | Relate the number of photons emitted per second by a source to the power of the source. |
• | Relate the phase difference at a given point of two waves of the same wavelength to the distance to the sources. You may use either constructive or destructive interference. |
• | Relate the physical aspects of a camera to its operation. |
• | Relate the physical aspects of a simple magnifier to its magnification. |
• | Relate the polarization state of a wave to its speed and path in a medium. |
• | Relate the position and/or nature of a final image formed by two or more lenses or mirrors to the locations and properties of the optical elements. |
• | Relate the potential difference in a electric field to the magnitude and direction of the electric field. |
• | Relate the potential of a conductor or the electric field near a conductor to the charge on the conductor. |
• | Relate the power delivered to the primary coil to the power provided by the secondary coil in an ideal transformer. |
• | Relate the power dissipated in a resistor to the current, voltage, and/or resistance of the resistor. |
• | Relate the relativistic momentum, energy and velocity of a moving object. |
• | Relate the resistance of a light bulb to its wattage. |
• | Relate the resistance of a resistor to its resistivity and geometry. |
• | Relate the specific physical characteristics of a parallel-plate capacitor, spherical capacitor, and cylindrical capacitor to its capacitance. |
• | Relate the time-dependent behavior to the rms value of an oscillating quantity. |
• | Relate the torque on a dipole in an external uniform electric field to the moment of the dipole. |
• | Relate the total electric potential energy of two or more point charges to the locations and to the magnitudes of the point charges. |
• | Relate the total energy, rest energy, relativistic kinetic energy, and mass of an object to one another. |
• | Relate the work done by a constant force to the magnitude and direction of the force, as well as the displacement of the object |
• | Relate the work done on a charge by an electric field to the change to the electric potential energy of a charge as the charge moves through an electric field. Relate the direction the charge moves to the change in its electric potential energy. |
• | Relate the work function of a metal to the wavelength or frequency of a photon absorbed by the metal. |
• | Solve for the angle between two vectors using the vector (cross) product. |
• | Solve Newton's second law equations for quantities of interest. |
• | Solve one (or more) of the kinematic equations for an unknown quantity for motion involving constant acceleration. |
• | Solve problems involving interference due to reflections in thin films, properly identifying which interfaces give half-cycle phase changes upon reflection. |
• | State the definition and the SI units of the time constant of an RC circuit. |
• | State the definition and the SI units of the time constant of an RL circuit. |
• | State the speed of light in a vacuum. |
• | Use a Lorentz velocity transformation to relate velocities in two different coordinate systems. |
• | Use conservation of energy to calculate the work done on a charge by an electric field. |
• | Use information from the periodic table to determine the number of nucleons or mass of an element. |
• | Use Kirchhoff's loop and junction rules to write the differential equations appropriate for a resistor + capacitor circuit, resistor + inductor circuit, and capacitor + inductor circuit. |
• | Use Malus's law to relate the final intensity and the final plane of polarization of light to the orientation of polarizing filters and to the original light intensity and original plane of polarization. |
• | Use Newton's law of gravitation to solve a problem. |
• | Use the definition E = F/q to find the strength and direction of electric fields from given forces and, conversely, forces from the strength and direction of electric fields. |
• | Use the length contraction equation to compare distances or lengths in two different coordinate systems. |
• | Use the mirror equation to find the position of an image, calculate its magnification, and determine whether it is real or virtual, upright or inverted. Using these results, determine the relative positions of the object, image, and mirror. |
• | Use the proper time of an event or the proper length of an object to solve a problem. |
• | Use the spring potential energy equation to solve for an unknown quantity. |
• | Use the thin lens equation to relate the position of an image and the properties of an image to the location of the object, the lens, and the focal length of the lens. |
• | Use the time dilation equation to compare times in two different coordinate systems. |
• | Write Maxwell's equations for free space. |